Volume 4, Issue 4 (1-2017)                   2017, 4(4): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

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1- University of Zabol
2- Torbat Heyadriyeh University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1080 Views)

Background & Aim: Plants are useful natural sources of antioxidants for improving blood glucose control and preventing long-term complications of diabetes. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of diabetes has shown significant impacts in reducing blood glucose in diabetic patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of hydro – alcoholic extract of Prosopis farcta root on blood glucose, body weight and gene expression of pyruvate kinase (PK) in diabetic rats.

Methods: 45 male wistar rats (average 250 gr) were randomly divided into three groups equally: healthy controls and diabetic controls and diabetic treated with the hydro-alcoholic extract of Prosopis farcta root. Type 1 diabetes was induced by i.p injection of streptozotocin (60 mg / kg BW). Rats were weighted at day 0, 15 and at the end of the study. Diabetic rats treated daily with 300 (mg/kg) for 30 days. Healthy control and diabetic control groups received distilled water during this time. Blood glucose and PK gene expression were measured on the  0, 15 and 30th days after feeding hydroalcoholic root extract of P. farcta. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by LSD, and Dunnet T3 post-hoc test (P < 0.05).

Results: PK gene expression analysis showed its expression increased in treated rats compared to the control diabetes group on the 15th day of study but this declined on the 30th day (p<0.05). Also administration of P. farcta to diabetic rats resulted in a significant increase in body weight and a marked hypoglycemic effect was also seen in them (p<0.05).

Conclusion: According to achieved data of this study, it is suggested that a treatment of diabetic rats with hydro alcoholic root extract of Prosopis farcta could possibly reduce blood glucose by increasing the expression of PK.

Full-Text [PDF 372 kb]   (355 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/06/17 | Accepted: 2017/06/17 | Published: 2017/06/22