Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2019)                   jms 2019, 6(4): 47-56 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


1- Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran
2- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbateheydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbateheydariyeh, Iran
3- Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran
4- Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (3125 Views)
Background & Aim: Brucellosis is one of the zoonotic diseases worldwide. Training the Brucellosis preventing behaviors reduce the incidence of this disease in at-risk groups. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of education based on the Health Belief Model in reducing the risk factors of Brucellosis in ranchers in Torbat Haydariyeh.
Methods: This interventional study was a quasi-experimental model with a control group which was performed on 200 of ranchers in Jolgeh Rokh District of Torbat Haydariyeh, in 2018.  The sampling method was stratified random from 7 rural health-care centers. The data was collected via a valid and reliable questionnaire including demographic information and Health Belief Model constructs in self-reporting way. The educational sessions were designed for the test group and data was collected from the both groups after 2 months and they were analyzed using Chi-Square.
Results: There was  no significant statistical difference between the study groups in terms of age, gender, education level and marital status based on a Chi-squared test (P>0.05). According to the obtained results, after interventional education, the mean score of knowledge and Health Belief Model constructs (perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived self-efficacy, and behavior) showed a significant increase in the experimental group compared to the control group (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The result of present study indicates that educational intervention performed by the Health Belief Model has a desirable effect on reducing risk factors and also improving brucellosis preventive behaviors among ranchers.
Full-Text [PDF 490 kb]   (854 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/02/9 | Accepted: 2019/03/16 | Published: 2019/05/28

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.