Volume 3, Issue 3 (10-2015)                   jms 2015, 3(3): 62-56 | Back to browse issues page

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Bakhshi M, Ranjbar H, Heydari A. Critical realism: an important philosophical perspective for nursing researches. jms. 2015; 3 (3) :62-56
URL: http://jms.thums.ac.ir/article-1-324-en.html
1- Phd student of nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Phd of nursing, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
3- Evidence-Based Caring Research Center, Professor of Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (4495 Views)

Background and Aim: Qualitative and quantitative researches are conducted through different approaches. Each of them has their own specific philosophical basis. Due to the advent of the critical realism philosophy, this study aimed to discuss the critical realism as a philosophical perspective in nursing and health system researches.

Materials and Methods: In this study, the data were collected through Pubmed، Wiley, Science Direct، Ovid and Google Scholar databases using realism, critical realism, philosophical perspective, health and nursing as keywords.

Results: Critical realism as a philosophical orientation and as a research methodology leads to conduct valid researches to improve health system. In addition, it leads to a better understanding of personal, social-background and organizational factors and the interactions among them. Different subjects were considered in reviewing literatures including critical realism as a moderate philosophical perspective, its perspective to the realism and idealism, critical realism principals, its approach toward research methodology and the role of critical realism in nursing and health system.

Conclusion: To promote the quality of nursing cares, critical realism can be a suitable guide for nursing researches to a better understanding of activities and interactions of nurses and its relationship with health system structures and its mutual effect. According to these results, corrective measures should be planned and implemented.

Full-Text [PDF 107 kb]   (2682 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/21 | Accepted: 2016/07/21 | Published: 2016/07/21

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