Volume 9, Issue 2 (10-2021)                   jms 2021, 9(2): 12-24 | Back to browse issues page

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M H, P N, R S, A R, M N. Comparison of carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and acute serum adropin and nitric oxide response after exercise in athletes and non-athletes. jms. 2021; 9 (2) :12-24
URL: http://jms.thums.ac.ir/article-1-951-en.html
1- MSc, Department of exercise physiology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Department of exercise physiology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
3- Professor, Department of exercise physiology and exercise science, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of physical education, Rasam higher education institute, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (961 Views)
Background & Aim: Adropin is a peptide hormone that regulates cardiovascular function and plays a protective role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The present study aimed to compare the effect of carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and acute effect of one-session exercise on serum adropin and nitric oxide (NO) in athlete and non-athlete participants.
Methods: This study was carried out in a quasi-experimental design. Twelve health athlete and eleven health non-athlete participants were selected by convenience sampling. At first, a carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) was measured. Then, Blood samples were collected from participants before and after exercise intervention using a Bruce protocol for evaluation of adropin and nitric oxide. Data were analyzed by paired and independent sample t-test, one-way analysis of covariance and Pearson correlation at significant levels of P≤0.05.
Results: There were significant differences in CIMT variable between the athletes and non-athletes and it was higher in the non-athlete participants (P=0.002). After the exercise intervention, adropin levels were significantly increased (P=0.017) in the athletes, However, NO levels increased significantly in both groups (P<0.05). There were also significant differences in serum adropin and NO levels between non-athletes and athletes (P <0.05). A significant positive correlation was observed between changes of adropin and NO (P=0.001, r=0.794).
Conclusion: Prolonged exercise training reduced CIMT in athletes. Adropin and NO levels were increased more in athletes than non-athlete subjects after one session of exercise. The long-term adaptations to exercise training leads to a greater increase in vascular biomarkers in athletes than non-athletes after an acute physical activity.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/06/21 | Accepted: 2021/09/12 | Published: 2021/10/2

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